PANAMA VIEJO: Old Panama. Remain in the graveled, tree-lined street, the religious community and open showers to one side, the Jesuit church on your right side, and listen cautiously. Shouts of dread. Yells of control. The conflict of steel. Black powder gun discharge. The thunder of blazes devouring the city. It is January, 1671.
Henry Morgan and 1,200 wild, filthy, scruffy and urgent privateers are here, rancid from a nine-day trek through the wilderness, perspiring under the mid year sun.
Morgan had figured his men would have the option to live off the land on their way over the isthmus from the Caribbean. He wasn’t right. Towns were betrayed, their yields copied. Morgan had figured he could take the city currently known as Panama Viejo off guard. He wasn’t right once more. The Spanish knew about the approaching assault three weeks before it came.
With a generally little cautious power, they could without much of a stretch have cleared out Morgan’s half-starved and depleted group at any number of perfect snare focuses along the course through the wilderness. That they didn’t attempt can be accused on Wear Juan de Guzman, legislative head of Panama, who passed on with the city he thought about powerful.
Following nine days of unrestricted section through the wilderness, Morgan’s men lurched to the highest point of a little slope and saw the Pacific out yonder. Beneath them, fat dairy cattle nibbled on lavish grass, and trees were weighed down with organic product. Another Spanish demonstration of ineptitude.
The privateers fell on the steers, hacking off incredible lumps of crude meat nearly before the creatures were dead. As you envision them battling the following day in Panama Viejo, likewise think about the blood that recolored their facial hair, hands, faces and the garments that had been decreased to clothes in the wilderness. Consider them shaking their weapons and shouting like banshees, and you can envision the dread they struck in the nearby populace.
Guzman made another mistake that prompted the demise of Panama Viejo: on the fields outside the city, he ran 4,000 soldiers, very much furnished, sagaciously dressed: infantry, mounted force and ordnance. There ought to have been no challenge, confronted with a disrupted riffraff of somewhat more than 1,000. What the Spanish didn’t figure on was the dread of the wilderness. These men would prefer to pass on rapidly battling than again face the repulsions of the wilderness and a probable moderate demise there.
The safeguards set their biggest firearms out and about prompting Panama Viejo. Morgan’s men just avoided a little slope and came toward the city from another course, making the fixed weapons futile.
Spanish battling discipline neutralized them, also. As the two powers moved toward one another, the privateers jumped into a long discard ensured by underbrush. The Spanish rangers, 400 of the best mounted soldiers in the Americas, compelled to charge, jogged forward in close development toward 200 exceptionally chose marksmen with requests to hold up until the horsemen were nearly upon them.
The butcher was awful. What was left of the rangers withdrew, transformed, and tested the privateer mass of death a second time with a similar outcome. They never broke line. The strategy was rehashed with reducing numbers until the mounted force was cleared out. Morgan’s men were left for all intents and purposes solid.
Presently it was the infantry’s chance to be relinquished. Battling in Spanish square development, near one another and in the open, they were cut down under the savage fire of a rival they couldn’t see. The privateers battled from behind trees, hummocks, anything that would give cover; the Spanish stayed in arrangement out in the open.
Seeing his military being directed, Guzman sprang what he thought would be the ace methodology of the fight, he loosed 2,000 wild bulls that had been brought into the city only days prior. Driven by hollering cowpokes, the infuriated bulls were driven over the field to stomp on the privateers. The privateers just shot the cattle rustlers and a couple of lead creatures, and the bulls, roaring in dread, set out toward the slopes.
Miserably dwarfed, the protectors fled for Panama Viejo with the assailants hot behind them. The safeguards attempted to hold fast in the city itself, yet their spirit was split and they surrendered under eight hours after the main shot had been discharged.
Presently there was another danger in Panama Viejo. In the midst of the yells, moans and shouts, Morgan heard that the private locale was on fire. Homes of cedar and other sweet-smelling woods of the affluent and the covered rooftop residences of poor people and the slaves consumed like tinder in the dry summer wind. Inhabitants and privateers worked side by side, yet the fire was difficult to control.
Morgan was accused for the fire, however it is far-fetched that he was mindful. The rich homes were loaded up with the most costly furniture cash could purchase. Floor coverings, woven artworks and family plate annihilated by the blazes were definitely more important than the gold and silver caught in the assault. Morgan, who had depended on getting rich from the assault, left with one-tenth the worth he had anticipated. Some state the Spaniards set the fire to swindle the privateers. Others think a lit stove was thumped over in an engagement. Whatever the explanation, the vast majority of what is presently Panama Viejo was cleared out. Just the stone structures, remainders of which can be seen today, stayed standing.
Morgan additionally lost the upside of having the option to take steps to burn the city if deliver was not paid.
Amusingly, the best harm to the stone structures was done in the twentieth century by local people searching material to assemble homes.
Cross examining detainees, Morgan discovered that the fortune vessel Trinity had left Panama Viejo the day preceding his bandits showed up, headed for Peru. It conveyed half of Panama’s riches and 1,500 individuals from the most extravagant families, families that have the way to pay weighty payments. The payload was likely worth millions, and the boat was so intensely loaded and cruising so gradually it ought to have been simple for the privateers to surpass it.
Morgan sent Skipper Daniel Searles to discover the boat, which had traveled toward Taboga Island, not a long way from Panama Viejo. Searles and his team arrived on the island, unconscious that the Spanish were taking on water and arrangements on the opposite side. The townspeople utilized Searles and his team with wine, getting them so alcoholic that the Spanish vessel had the option to make its getaway.
The following morning, faltering back to cognizance, Searles and his joyful band found what had occurred, yet it was then past the point where it is possible to get the fortune transport. Rather, they brought back an exquisite lady, Maria Eleanora Lopez y Ganero, trusting that Morgan would be so stricken he would excuse them the loss of the boat. Morgan was impartial be that as it may, ever pragmatic, he managed to recover the lady for $30,000.
It took only 175 pack donkeys to convey the riches of Panama Viejo over the isthmus to the Caribbean side. Morgan had expected to utilize multiple times that number. Rather than envisioning wealth to endure forever, the privateers currently realized how thin the pickings had been. They were dour, surly, defiant. What’s more, the tiring excursion back did nothing to improve their demeanor. Morgan was the point of convergence of a lot of his men’s displeasure, and inevitably he heard that some were plotting to execute him.
Back at the mouth of the Chagres Stream, he assembled a mystery conference of a portion of his most steadfast adherents, discreetly arranged three of the most safe ships, and had the plunder arranged into isolated heaps of gold and bullion, gems, and product. He at that point declared that the next day the riches would be shared and that this night there would be an amazing festival.
Morgan opened the primary barrel and gave an impromptu speech to the riches of Panama and those of their next experience, yet Morgan and his select supporters drank nearly nothing. The remainder of the men drank until they dropped. As they wheezed boisterously, the gold, gems and the most significant of the product was stowed on board the three vessels, different vessels were impaired adequately that it would take a few days to fix them, and Morgan and his group pushed out into the stream’s present which discreetly diverted them.
While Morgan cruised off to his base in Jamaica, the rest of the marauders liberated all the Panama Viejo detainees. A large portion of the Spaniards made a beeline for Portobelo. The dark slaves made a beeline for Panama Viejo. They avoided the mainland separate and established the town of San Juan, which despite everything stands today.
Panama Viejo was never modified. What is presently current, clamoring Panama City was established around five miles west, close to the zone of the Presidential Royal residence. Privateers never again assaulted the city.